TAIKO                             GLOSSARY  
                                         Oj
Ojime - A type of Okedo-daiko. Ojime okedo have thicker heads and longer bodies than most styles of okedo-daiko. Ojime
is the typical okedo used by many performing taiko groups.
Oke - A Japanese-style barrel. Made with thin slats of Japanese cypress or cedar, usually in a straight sided, cylindrical
style. Different from Oke-style wooden tubs.
Okedo-daiko -- Also Oke-daiko. General term for drums made from a barrel-stave construction (not to be confused with
    the North American Wine barrel taiko). The heads are usually stitched over steel rings and then laced to
    the body with a rope, similar to the shime-daiko. The tone of the drum can be changed by the rope
    tension. There are several styles of okedo daiko, many with a relative long body. Nebuta, Nambu-yoo, and
    Ojime are long body styles; the leather of the heads get thicker, and the bodies get longer as you go from
    Nebuta to Ojime. Often played horizontally up on tall stands, with a player striking each head. Daibyoshi,
    tsuchibyoshi, and nenbutsu style okedo are much shorter, and are played in Kabuki and folk music. Often
    played horizontally while seated on the floor. Eitetsu-gata (Eitetsu style) are relatively short, and are
    played vertically like the floor tom of drum kit.
Omikoshi - A portable Shinto shrine carried about on the shoulders of festival participants.
Ookawa - See Ootsuzumi.
Ootsuzumi - Also called an ookawa. Small hand drum used in Noh, Nagauta, and Kabuki theater. Two heads are stitched
over steel rings, and are placed on an hourglass shaped body and then laced together with rope. The body
is made from cherry wood and is often beautifully decorated with makie (gilded patterns on lacquer). Similar
to, but slightly larger than the kotsuzumi. Produces a higher pitch than the kotsuzumi, but cannot change
pitch like the kotsuzumi. The heads are made with much thicker leather than the kotsuzumi, and are
undecorated. Sometimes played with a hard paper mache cap called saku placed over the fingers, or a short
leather paddle.
Oritatatmi-dai - Also called naname-dai, sukeroku-dai, slant stand. A stand for a nagado daiko that holds the taiko at
   roughly a forty-five degree angle at waist level. Widely used by kumi-daiko groups. Popularized by the
   Oedo Sukeroku Taiko group.
Oroshi -- This is a drum pattern of increasingly rapid beats, often leading to a drum roll.
Ouchi - Someone who plays the main rhythm. Also see jikata.
                               P
Paranku - Small one headed drum somewhat similar to a robust tambourine with no jingles. Played on Okinawan Eisa style
drumming.
                              R
rei/zero - equals numeral 0 (zero).
Rin - Traditional Japanese Measure. Ten rin make one bu. Roughly equivalent to 0.3 mm in the kana system. Also see
    Shaku.
roku - equals numeral 6 (six).
Ryomenbari etsuki-daiko - A small hira daiko on a wooden handle. Held in one hand while played with a bachi in the
                       other. Usually around 6.5-8 sun in diameter. A varient called ameya-daiko (candy seller's
                       taiko) also exists, which is larger in diameter and thinner than ryoomenbari etsuki-daiko.
Ryuuteki - Flute similar in appearance and construction to the Nohkan, used in Gakaku.
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