TAIKO                            GLOSSARY
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Mojiri - Bachi used to twist the tensioning ropes of a taiko having a head put on.
Momohiki -- Pants often worn during festivals or by some taiko groups.
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Naga-bachi -- Long bachi. Is often made of tapered oak or from bamboo slats.
Nagado-daiko -- Literally “long-bodied taiko”. While the term can be applied to many taiko, including some okedo, most
             people associate the term nagado-daiko with a taiko carved from a single piece of wood, usually keyaki,
             sen, shiogi or tamo. The body has a rounded, barrel shaped appearance, with the maximum diameter
            being roughly equal to the length of the drum from head to head. The cowhide heads are nailed onto the
            body of the drum with tacks. The pitch of the drum cannot be changed without re-tensioning and re
            -tacking the head in place. A pair of ring shaped handles, called kan, are attached to the sides. This is
            the prototypical taiko drum most often associated with taiko drumming. Nagado-daiko are available in
            many sizes, from 30cm to over 2m. A wide variety of stands are also available for this taiko.
Nagauta - A form of Japanese classical music, focusing on long songs and with shamisen and vocal melodic lines
  supported by percussion. The percussion ensemble includes kotsuzumi, ootsuzumi, and shime-daiko. See also
   Kabuki-bayashi.
Namitsuke - The lightest and smallest tsukeshime-daiko. Not capable of high pitches like the heavier chogake sized
        tsukeshime-daiko. See also chogake, tsukeshime-daiko, and wadaiko.
Narimono -- Is general term for small, handheld percussion instruments.
Nawa - Rope.
Nenbutsu-daiko - A style of okedo-daiko used in Kabuki and folk music. The heads are stretched directly onto the body of
           the taiko with rope, instead of first being stitched onto steel rings and then laced to the body.
ni - equals numeral 2 (two).
Nihon Ashi-dai - A low stand used to hold a shime-daiko at a slight angle. Used while playing the shime-daiko from a
        seated position.
Noh - A style of theater developed in the 1400's and influenced by Zen. Known for its use of masks and stately pace.
Nohgaku - The music associated with Noh. The instrumentation includes taiko (shime-daiko), kotusuzumi, ootsuzumi and
nohkan.
Nohkan - A flute used in Noh performances. Known for its sharp sound and three octave range. Made from many fine
pieces of split bamboo in a complicated and involved process, nohkan have a distinct lacquered appearance.
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Obi -- Sash or belt used to hold a kimono or hanten closed.
Odaiko -- Literally: big, fat, drum. In general, the term is used for any drum larger than 84cm in diameter. It can refer to a
large drum of any style, e.g. hirado odaiko; okedo odaiko; but usually is reserved for drums of the nagado style.
Odaiko also specifically refers to the largest drum in several musical ensembles, e.g. Kabuki and Eisa-daiko. In
Kabuki the Odaiko is usually a nagado-daiko and is played offstage. Cerain rhythmic patterns played on it for
sound effects and to suggest mood. Okinawan Eisa-daiko also refers to it’s largest drum as odaiko although it is
only about 1.5 shaku in size. This Okinawan odaiko is shaped roughly like a nagado-daiko, but made with a stave
construction from pine. This light weight allows the odaiko to be slung from the shoulder and played while
dancing.
Odori - A dance. Also a general term for Japanese dance.
Ohayashi-daiko - see sairei-nagado.
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