TAIKO                          GLOSSARY
                                        Hi
Himo - Rope or cord.
Hinoki - Japanese Cypress tree. The wood is used for making bachi.
Hira-dai - A stand for a nagado-daiko. The hira-dai is two pieces of crossed wood used to hold a nagado-daiko vertically
   slightly off the floor.
Hira-daiko - General term for a drum wider than it is deep (Lit. “flat drum”), with nailed heads, and carved from a single
       block of wood. Small hira-daiko are often used in Hayashi music. Highly decorated versions called gaku-daiko
       are used in Gagaku. Hira-daiko have also been scaled up to Odaiko size for use by kumi-daiko groups.
Hira-tsuri-daiko - A hira-daiko that has been suspended vertically in a frame-like stand. Classified separately from the
                gaku-daiko.
Hoo - Wood of a relative of the magnolia tree. A soft and light wood. Used to make bachi.
Hon-bari - The final stretching of head over a taiko body in preparation of tacking it in place. See also kari-bari.
Hon-jime - The final stage of tensioning a tsukeshime-daiko. Two people take turns pulling the slack out of the tensioning
     rope while pounding on the rope with a stick called an agebachi. See also tate-jime.
Horagai - A large shell used as trumpet-type instrument. The horagai is not a Conch shell, but either the Pacific Triton or
   the Shank shell.
Hogaku - Japanese classical music. Associated with Nagauta and theater music. Primary instruments are the shamisen,
  kotsuzumi, ootsuzumi, shime-daiko and nohkan.
Hozonkai - A preservation society: a Japanese organization dedicated to preserving and handing down a particular
     tradition (including but not limited to: Chichibu Yatai Bayashi, Miyake-Daiko, Hachijo-Daiko, Gojinjo-Daiko,
     Kokura-Gion Daiko, etc.). Some of them are recognized and organized as intangible cultural properties, others
    are loosely organized guilds adhering to some formal structure, often within the context of the festival's
    Shinto/Buddhist/other) historical roots or related art forms (minyo traditions, for example.)
Hyooshigi - Wooden blocks used as clappers. Similar to latin clave, but struck at the tips rather than in the middle of the
      block.
                                  I
ichi - equals numeral 1 (one).
Ikko - A highly decorated hourglass shaped drum used in Bugaku. Two heads are stitched onto steel rings, and are then
laced to the body with a cord (oshirabe). A tensioning cord (koshirabe) is then wound around the oshirabe. The ikko
is slung across the chest of Bugaku dancers and played with bachi in both hands. It is similar to, but smaller than, the
sanko. Also see kakko, sanko.
Ippon ashi-dai - Literally, “one legged stand”. An ornate stand for a nagado-daiko used in temples and shrines.
Ita-sasara - See bin-sasara.
                                 J
Jamisen - Term used on the main islands of Japan to refer to the sanshin/shamisen of Okinawa.
Jikata - Someone who plays the ji rhythm. Also see Ouchi.
Jiuchi - Also called ji. A base, or backing rhythm. Usually a simple duple beat (do ko), a swing beat (don go), or a horse
rhythm (don doko).
Jozuke - A specialized term that was created by Oedo Sukeroku Daiko and is used to describe a medium sized (about 1.6
 shaku) nagado-daiko on a slant stand. The term literally means to “place facing up”, and is not used outside of
 the Oedo Sukeroku Daiko group. North American groups often mispronounce the term as “josuke”.
- equals numeral 10 (ten).
Jyoo - Traditional Japanese unit of measure. 10 shaku make one jyoo. Approximately 3m in the kana system.
Also see
kanajyaku, shaku.
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