TAIKO                             GLOSSARY
Edo-bayashi -- Festival music of Edo (old Tokyo).
Eisa-daiko - Okinawan style of Bon dancing/drumming. Known for its spirited drumming, often by dancers who carry the
drums as they dance.
Fuchi -- The rim of the drum, where the “ka” note is played.
Fue -- In the broadest meaning, fue refers to any blown instrument including nohkan, shakuhachi and sho. However, the  
term is widely used to refer to a transverse (horizontal) bamboo flute. These fue come in a variety of sizes,
numbered from #1 (lowest in pitch) to #13 (highest in pitch). Most fue have six or seven holes. Most are in a native
scale (matsuribue) but some are made to play western scales (utabue). See also matsuribue, shinobue, takebue,
utabue, yokobue.
Fundoshi -- A loincloth. Sometimes worn in various festivals and by some taiko groups during performances, particularly
Odaiko solos.
Fusa - A tassel, used as a decorative element. Often hung from the ends of atarigane cords and from chappa.
Fuse-dai - A stand for a large hira-daiko. The hira-daiko is layed horizontally on a “T” shaped base, and supported at a
slight angle by short uprights at each end of the “T”. Usually on casters for easy movement.
Futatsu-domoe  -- A design made up of two comma shaped marks in a circle (similar to a yin-yang symbol). Also
         commonly called a tomoe.  Associated with the music of the left in Gagaku. It is a common design
         lacquered on the heads of Odaiko. Also see mitsu-domoe; tomoe.  
Gaku-daiko - A type of highly decorated hira-daiko used in Gagaku. It is suspended vertically in a frame and struck with
 padded mallets. It is played while seated.
Gagaku - Japanese imperial court orchestral music. Literally means “refined music”. Introduced into Japan in the 6th and
7th centuries, and formalized in 701. The music and dances of gagaku were organized into The Music of the Left
and  Music of the Right in the 9th century. The genre exists mostly unchanged to this day, making it the oldest
surviving tradition of court music still played. Gagaku utilizes a scale of seven tones and has six keys. See also
Bugaku, Uhoogaku, Sahoogaku, gaku-daiko, dadaiko, kakko, ikko, sanko, and shooko.
go - equals numeral 5 (five).
hachi - equals numeral 8 (eight).
Hachimaki - Headband often worn during festivals or by some taiko groups.
Hanten - Short kimono-like coat often used in festivals and performances.
Happi - Short kimono-like coat often used in festivals and performances.
Hara - Belly. Location of the Ki energy in humans. Also refers to center of the drumhead.
Harakake - Also maekake. An apron-like garment used in festivals and by some taiko groups.
Hara-maki - Long strip of cotton cloth used to wrap the stomach or midsection.
Harisen - Also hariogi. A short, narrow, leather wrapped paddle used as bachi. Used in traditional instruction to learn
rhythms and practice.
Hayashi - General term for a musical ensemble that includes drums; musical accompaniment; festival music.
Hayashi-bue - Bamboo transverse flute used in hayashi music. Also known as fue, matsuribue, shinobue, takebue or  
  yokobue. See fue.
Hayashi-daiko - See Ohayashi-daiko.
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